What risk factors contribute to harmful substance use during pregnancy?

Women with substance use disorders (SUD) during pregnancy likely have a series of contributing factors, including their own childhood experiences, exposure to trauma, and genetic predispositions to addiction.

What factors are harmful to the fetus?

Factors like age and overall health status can increase your chances of experiencing complications during pregnancy.

  • Reproductive abnormalities. …
  • Women under age 20. …
  • Women over age 35. …
  • Weight. …
  • Diabetes. …
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) …
  • Preexisting medical conditions. …
  • Multiple pregnancies.

What are 3 harmful substances that can affect prenatal development?

Studies have shown that virtually all pregnant women in the U.S. have measurable levels of several toxins in their bodies that pose real threats to the development of the fetus. These dangerous chemicals include phthalates, bisphenol-A (BPA) and flame retardants.

What are 4 harmful substances to a developing fetus?

These include certain chemicals, medications, social drugs, alcohol, smoking, and infections.

What are some examples of hazards and risks in pregnancy?

Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and using illegal drugs can put a pregnancy at risk. Maternal health problems. High blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, epilepsy, thyroid disease, heart or blood disorders, poorly controlled asthma, and infections can increase pregnancy risks.

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At what age does pregnancy become a risk?

By age 30, fertility (the ability to get pregnant) starts to decline. This decline becomes more rapid once you reach your mid-30s. By 45, fertility has declined so much that getting pregnant naturally is unlikely for most women. How does age affect a woman’s eggs?

What types of birth defects are caused by toxic chemicals?

Exposure to organic solvents during the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of birth defects like spina bifida, heart defects, clubfoot and deafness THIRTEEN-FOLD.

What substances should I avoid during pregnancy?

Here are 11 foods and beverages to avoid or minimize while pregnant.

  • High mercury fish. Mercury is a highly toxic element. …
  • Undercooked or raw fish. This one will be tough for you sushi fans, but it’s an important one. …
  • Undercooked, raw, and processed meat. …
  • Raw eggs. …
  • Organ meat. …
  • Caffeine. …
  • Raw sprouts. …
  • Unwashed produce.

What happens if you inhale chemicals while pregnant?

If you inhale (breathe in) solvents, you risk liver, kidney and brain damage and even death. During pregnancy, exposure to (coming in contact with) solvents, especially if you work with them, may cause problems for you and your baby, including: Miscarriage.

Why do teratogens cause birth defects?

As a baby grows in the womb, teratogens may affect parts of the baby’s body as they are forming. For example, the neural tube closes in the first 3 to 5 weeks of the pregnancy. During this time, teratogens can cause neural tube defects such as spina bifida.

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Is caffeine a teratogen?

In humans, caffeine does not present any teratogenic risk. The increased risk of the most common congenital malformations entailed by moderate consumption of caffeine is very slight.

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